Home ENGLISH LANGUAGE TOPIC TOPIC 8–9-AND- 10: EXPRESSING OPINIONS AND FEELINGS ENGLISH LANGUAGE FORM I

TOPIC TOPIC 8–9-AND- 10: EXPRESSING OPINIONS AND FEELINGS ENGLISH LANGUAGE FORM I

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EXPRESSING OPINIONS AND FEELINGS

EXPRESSING OPINIONS AND FEELINGS

What is your opinion?

Do you like city life or rural life?

There are some people who want to go to live in towns. They think that life is cheap and simple there. They think they can buy cars, houses, good clothes etc.

Giving opinions can be easily expressed during debates

Example: Motions

  1. Boarding schools provide better education than day school
  2. Co- education school are better than single sex school
  3. Special ability schools are not special in rolling students
  4. Students failure in examination is due to poor teaching.
  5. EXPRESSING OPINIONS AND FEELINGS

Look at the following ways in which we can express opinions in English

  1. a) Asking for opinion
  2. b) expressing an opinion

In my opinion,school rules are a waste of time

  1. c) supporting opinion
  2. d) opposing an opinion
  3. e) Expression doubt

Participants

Chief proposer and opposes, audience, guest, speaker, secretary

Vocabulary

Suggest, view, evaluate, propose, against, think, argue, advise, disagree, equally, feeling can be expressed.

Example

I feel hungry

You are happy

Expressing state of health

Examples Are you sick ? What are you suffering from? Yesterday I had a headache

Exercise

EXPRESSING OPINIONS AND FEELINGS

Write conversations between a doctor and patient

                    Topic 9:

TALKING ABOUT PAST EVENTS/ ACTIVITIES

This give a particular form of verb endings it is sometimes called PAST TENSE

Note: common adverb

Last week, yesterday etc.

Example:

My brother got married last Friday

Last week they closed the school

Expressing past activities

Tense is expressed by verbs. These verbs in the past tense be have with regular ending with-ed,-ed, and others behave with irregular ending. Example

See – saw,

get -got,

cut-cut.

Adverbs that show past tense

  1. Yesterday– I saw him yesterday
  2. Last– we were at club last Friday
  3. Ago– they met two years ago
  4. Previous– she experienced this problem from the previous.

Such characteristics of irregular verb also apply to helping or modal verbs

Note: the past tense of the above modal helping verbs are common in conditional clauses that is if……… then…………..

EXPRESSING OPINIONS AND FEELINGS

Structure

Past perfect tense

Format

Subject + had + verb in participle

Examples:

I had seen several football games

I had done the job

Structure

Adjective: is a word that is used to describe a noun or a pronoun

General classification of Adjectives

(i) Adjectives of colour e.g. black, yellow, green, purple, orange, red

(ii) Adjectives of size and shape e.g. small, giant, round, etc

(iii) Adjectives of quantity e.g. many, few, little, much

(iv) Adjectives of age e.g. old, new, middle, young.

(v) Proper adjectives or adjectives of origin e.g. African, Kenyan, French

(vi) Adjective of use e.g. useful, useless

ORDER OF ADJECTIVE

Where there is more than one adjective before a noun in a sentence, the order of adjectives is as follows:

(a) 1 st adjective – Describes the number (Quantity)

(b) 2 nd adjective – Describes the general size and shape

(c) 3 rd adjective – Describes age

(d) 4 th adjective – Describes colour

(e) 5 th adjective – Describes where it comes from (origin)

(f) 6 th adjective – Describes what is made up of

(g) 7 th adjective – Noun

                      Topic 10:

EXPRESSING FUTURE PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

Future exists in different forms

(1) Intention – necessity -shall

(2) Probability – possibility -will

Common adverb

Tomorrow, next

How to form future?

Subject + shall/will + be + main clause

Examples:

It will be there tomorrow

Subject + will + be + clause

When we want to talk about things what we shall do tomorrow, next week, next month we use words like

– Going to

– Shall

– Will

Examples:

Tomorrow I’m going to write my mother a letter.

She will tell you something good tomorrow

We shall visit you next month

Going to, will and shall show future tense.

Future continues activities

Subject + will or shall + (be) + verb ……..ing + clause

Examples

You will be leaving the school at 4:30pm

We shall be singing in the church choir

Exercise

Mention 4 things that you are going to do after you have finished form four

(i) ……………………..

(ii) ……………………..

(iii) ……………………..

(iv) ……………………..

(v) ……………………..

  1. Mention three (3) things which will happen to someone who has HIV/AIDS

(i) ……………………..

(ii) ……………………..

(iii) ……………………..

Note:

will is used all persons in the singular and plural for example

  1. i)you will be wait
  2. ii)ii) I will go to the market tomorrow

Shall is sometimes use instead of will, It is used in statement in the first personal singular or plural, It shows determination or promise about future activities for example

  1. i)We shall play hard and we shall win the game: (determination)
  2. ii)ii) I shall write to you as soon as i arrive in Mpwapwa (promise)

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