Home ENGLISH LANGUAGE TOPIC 3:USING A DICTIONARY ENGLISH LANGUAGE FORM I

TOPIC 3:USING A DICTIONARY ENGLISH LANGUAGE FORM I

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USING A DICTIONARY

USING A DICTIONARY

Dictionary

It is a kind of a book or reference that containing words of a language, arranged alphabetically and showing class and uses. We often use a dictionary to look up a word.

We do this when we do not know what the word means. Dictionaries are organised to help us look up word easily

Importance of Dictionary book

  1. Gives meaning of words
  2. Shows words of the same meaning
  3. Shows words which mean the opposite
  4. Show the classes of word (verb, nouns, objectives)
  5. Show how words are used
  6. Show how words are made
  7. Show how words are pronounced.

Synonyms: words, which mean the same, a called synonyms

Examples: -Angry – mad Cried – shouted Huge – big Hate – dislike Clever – bright

Antonyms: A dictionary also shows words which mean the opposite words which means the opposite are called antonyms

USING A DICTIONARY

Examples:

o Hate – like

o Ugly – beautiful

o Slow – fast

o Friendly – enemy

o Strong – weak

Word formation

A dictionary also shows how words are made. This is called word formation

– A noun can be made from a verb or from an Adjective

Example vacate (v) –vocation (N)

Some Nouns end with

(i) …………….. ion (examination)

(ii) …………………ty (beauty)

(iii) ………………….ness (politeness)

(iv) ……………………ce (importance)

Some of the objectives end with

(i) ………… ous (poisonous)

(ii) …………. Al (trial)

(iii) …………..ic (electric)

(iv) ………….. an (African)

(v) ………….. ful (helpful)

USING A DICTIONARY

Pronunciation: A dictionary shows how words are pronounced English words are pronounced differently from Kiswahili. The way the English words are written is different from the way they pronounced.

Example: see –pronounced as /si/ and not see

Exercise

Write the following words as they are pronounced in the dictionary

Example: King –/KiÅ‹/

(i) Sing =

(ii) Cheek =

(iii) Cart =

(iv) Chest =

(v) Dish =

USING A DICTIONARY

Exercise

Show differences of pronunciation of the underlined words.

  1. Please sit on the seat
  2. I left my hat in the hut
  3. Pull the boy from the pool
  4. Do not hurt my heart

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