TOPIC 1: OUR NATION | CIVICS FORM 1
Definition and concept of a nation when two people of different sex get together as husband and wife they form a family.
A family is a social group people who are closely related to each other which comprise father, mother, children and sometimes close relatives like uncles, aunts etc.
A clan is a combination of various families.
A tribe is a group of different clans whose people of the same culture history and language barrier
Therefore the combinations of several tribes make up the population of nation.
A nation: is a large group or community of people living in a defined geographical area sharing common history culture and language under government e.g. Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Malawi and Zimbabwe component of the nation.
There are seven main components that make our nation. These components are
Culture and history
A country is an area of land that has boundaries and is under the control of a government, sovereignty is the freedom that a country has governed itself. This means that there is no external power that controls that country.e.g Tanzania.
There are two types of sovereignty.
This is where a country has the power to supervise all its internal affairs. Tanganyika becomes a sovereignty state on 9thDecember 1961 and Zanzibar got its sovereignty on 10th December 1963.
This is where a country has the freedom to form its governing policy and foreign policy.
Tanzania is a sovereignty state. It has both internal and external sovereignty.
Refers to the selected or elected group of people who are responsible for controlling a country or state. In other words, the government is the body of people which administers the state and maintains law and order. The government has power and authority to control and direct people’s activities within its territory.
In Tanzania we use the republic system of government. This means that the country is headed by a president and political leaders elected by the people.
Refers to the person who belongs to a particular country. In 2012 the population of Tanzania was estimated to be 47,445,392 people. The Tanzania people have their own central government national language common culture and history. The people in a nation must live peacefully. Solve their problems and develop their nation.
Is the system of communication mostly in speech and writing that is used by the people of a particular society. Tanzania has more than 130 tribes that speak their tribal language but the national language is Swahili. A national language such as Swahili.
Refers to the customs and beliefs of a particular group of people. It also includes the people’s art way of life and social organization.
Refer to the past events that occurred in the development of a nation. Tanzania as a nation has a long history that includes events from pre colonial and post-colonial times.
National symbols are sign which represents a nation.
These are very important as they serve as are reminder of our national hood to us and to the rest of the world. These include the National Anthem, The national flag, the coat of Arms, The uhuru torch constitution ,presidential standard and national currency.
THE NATIONAL ANTHEM
The national anthem is the official song of the nation. It is played or sung on special occasions such as
Before the president address the nation and after the address.
When the president inspects the guard.
At the opening of internal events e.g. Football matches.
When the president or vice president visit another country.
On the announcement of the death of president/vice president.
When the national flag is being hoisted.
Importance of National Anthem.
It is symbol of our nationality and freedom.
A unifying tool for Tanzanians.
It makes citizens feel proud of their country.
It is identity for internal recognition.
It expresses a sense of belonging to Tanzania and African.
The national Anthem of Tanzania
Mungu ibariki Africa
Wabariki viongozi wake
Hekima umoja na amani
Hizi ni ngao zetu
Africa na watu wake
Tubariki watoto wa Africa
Mungu ibariki Tanzania
Dumisha uhuru na umoja
Wake kwa waume na watoto
Tanzania na watu wake
Tubariki watoto wa Tanzania
THE NATIONAL FLAG
Flag is a piece of cloth with a special coloured design. National flag of Tanganyika was hoisted for the first time on 9th Dec 1961 and that of the united Republic of Tanzania was hoisted for the first time on 26th April 1964 when Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form Tanzania.
The main function of a national flag is to show that Tanzania is a complete independent and sovereign state.
The national flag has four different colours which are black, green, blue, and yellow.
BLACK: Represents the skin colour of the African who are the indigenous of Tanzania.
YELLOW:Represents the natural wealth of Tanzania like minerals and national parks.
BLUE: Stands for the part of Indian Ocean and other water bodies found in Tanzania.
GREEN: Represents land vegetation of Tanzania
Importance of National flag.
It is symbol for freedom and unity of the people.
It is state symbol for the country and its citizens.
A symbol for nationality of Tanzania.
Sometimes represents misfortune like death of state leader or many people at once and it is hoisted half most.
THE COAT OF ARM/NATIONAL EMBLEM
The coat of Arm is a government longoar emblem which comprises many different colours and land make of the nation of Tanzania. It is the official stamp of the government.
coat of Arm has 12 components
Two human figures – man and woman represent people of Tanzania. The two figure symbolize cooperation between men and women in bringing development
National flag – The flag as a symbol of national freedom.
Uhuru Torch-The torch represents national freedom and prosperity.
Crossed axe and hoe-These represen the tools which Tanzania used to develop their county
Elephant tusks-as symbol for national resources (plant and animal/ wildlife).
Shield and spear- as symbol for tradition weapons of defense.
Sea waves-represent parts of water bodies such as Ocean, river, lake of Tanzania.
Cloves and cotton– stands for cash crops produced in Tanzania.
The inscription UHURU NA UMOJA-This means freedom and unity, it is the national moto of the United Republic of Tanzania.
Peak of Mount Kilimanjaro– This mount is a source of pride for Tanzania
Golden band on the upper part of the shied- Represent the mineral wealth of the country
Red band on the shied- Represent fertile red soil in Tanzania
Importance of Coat of Arm.
The Tanzanians coat of arm plays the important role because it functions as;
National symbol for Tanzania as a state.
It symbolizes state political and economical bases.
It symbolizes our national culture and history.
A seal of the president and government.
A symbol of state sovereignty freedom and unity of the people.
THE UHURU TORCH
Is commonly know as the independence touch . Introduce for the first time by president of Tanzania M.J Kambarage Nyerere to symbolize freedom unity , love, dignity , solidarity, and hope.
It was first lit top of Mount Kilimanjaro at mid night on 9th December1961. This was the day when Tanganyika got independence from Britain. Every year there is the Uhuru Torch races. The race starts and ends at different important points in the country. The Torch causes positive social political and economic message.
Significance of the Uhuru Torch.
It symbolizes freedom and light
It promotes unity in the country.
It promotes development through projects initiated during race e.g. school and health centers
Promotes peace dignity respect and hope among Tanzanians
A constitution is the system of laws and basic principles by which the national is governed. Our country is ruled according to the constitution written 1977 since then it has been undergoing some amendments to suit the contemporary changes.
Importance of National Constitution
It is the basic law from which other laws are created.
It describes form and content of Tanganyika government.
The government rules by the will of the people through the constitution .
It describes clearly the relationship between citizens and state leaders.
It shows the structure of the state organs.
It states clearly the distributions of power among the state organs.
It promotes human right.
Currency is the system of money that a country uses. The Tanzania national currency is shillings. The value of shilling always appears as coin/notes.Currency is also called Money .
Money is used for measuring value trading and paying for goods and services in a country .It is also use a means of settling debts.
Importance of national currency.
It is used in buying and selling (Trade transaction)
It is used to measure value.
It is identity of nationality and freedom.
It is a mean of setting debts.
THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE
This is the language spoken by all people national country.
The national language of Tanzania is Kiswahili.
NATIONAL FESTIVAL DAYS IN TANZANIA.
National festivals are days when we celebrate important national events most offices and business are normally closed on such day. During these days people remember important historical events which have taken place in the development of the national.
Are often categorized into two categories group which are;
1- Civic national festival and holiday.
2- Religion national festival.
CIVIC NATIONAL FESTIVAL HOLIDAYS
1- Independence day – fall on 9th December each year ⇒⇒
2- Union day – fall on 26th April each year
3- Zanzibar Revolution – fall on 12th January each year
4- Nane nane day – fall on 8 August each year
5- Mayday (workers day) fall on 1st may each year
6- Sabasaba day – fall on 7th July each year
7- Nyerere day – fall on 14th October each year
8- Karume day – fall on 7th April each year
9- New year day – fall on every 1st January
RELIGIOUS NATIONAL HOLIDAY AND FESTIVALS.
1- Christmass day – fall on 25 December each year
2- Boxing day – fall on 26 December each year
3- Good Friday – and Easter Monday holiday – depends on the christmass calendar.
4- Eid- el- Fitri and Eid – el haj pilgrimage to Mecca depends on the sight of the moon according to Muslim
5- Maulid day – according to Islamic calendar.
SIGNIFICANCE OF NATIONAL FESTIVAL AND PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
1- Keeps a history of our country a live
2- Leaders pass importance information to the public during these days
3- Provide an opportunity for citizen to meet and share day
4- These days promotes unity among Tanzania
5- Provide an opportunity to identify problems in the society through speeches.
INTRODUCTION TO CIVICS
What is civics?
Civics is the study of human rights and responsibilities of citizens, the governance and environment in which our society is found.
In civics we study about.
The environment in which we live in.
Governance and government.
Human rights and responsibilities of citizen
Social cultural and economic development.
IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING CIVICS.
To understand human rights e.g. rights to life associate with worship.
To understand duties and responsibilities of citizens.
To understand environment in which we live in.
To promote peace and security in our society.
To understand and up hold our culture
To establish good relationship and respect.
To understand road safety for example causes of road accident and measures to be taken in preventing road accident.
What is civics?
Mention five importance of studying civics?
notes zipo vizuri ila mbona hazidownlodiki
It’s truly very complicated in this full of activity life to listen news on Television, so I simply use
world wide web for that purpose, and get the latest news.
Hi there would you mind letting me know which hosting company you’re working with?
I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different browsers and I must say this blog loads a
lot quicker then most. Can you suggest a good hosting
provider at a fair price? Kudos, I appreciate it! asmr 0mniartist
Hello! This post could not be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my old room
mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this post to him.
Fairly certain he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!
I just like the valuable information you provide to your articles.
I will bookmark your blog and take a look at once more right here
frequently. I am rather certain I will be told lots of
new stuff right here! Good luck for the following!
Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.
I will be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your
useful info. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.
I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this
post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my trouble.
You are incredible! Thanks! asmr 0mniartist
Hi there, I desire to subscribe for this web site to obtain most up-to-date updates, so
where can i do it please assist. 0mniartist asmr
Wow, marvelous weblog layout! How long have you ever been blogging for?
you make running a blog look easy. The entire glance of your site is magnificent,
as smartly as the content!
I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest but your blogs really nice,
keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back later.
Cheers asmr 0mniartist
Wonderful post but I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this subject?
I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more.
Bless you! asmr 0mniartist
Thanks-a-mundo for the article post.Much thanks again. Much obliged.