Concept of Reproduction
Reproduction is the ability of living organisms to form new individuals of the same species from those already in existence. Here, the new organisms replace those that have died and so life continues. It can also be defined as the process whereby organisms produce new individuals of the same species. It is one of the important features of living things.
The Merits and Demerits of Sexual and Asexual Reproduction
Explain the merits and demerits of sexual and asexual reproduction
This is a type of reproduction in which new organism is produced when a male gamete fuses with a female gamete. Sexual reproduction involves the fusion of two gametes. The process of fusion of gametes is called fertilization.
These two gametes differ in form and function and each is produced from a different organ. In animals the gametes producing organs are called gonads. These include the ovaries and testes. In flowering plant structures concerned with the production of gametes are the ovaries and anthers. The testes and anthers produce the male gametes while ovaries produce the female gametes.
- Visit ante-natal clinic for counseling
- Maintain general body cleanliness all the time
- Have enough rest
- Wear lose-fitting dresses and low heeled shoes for comfort
- Eat well balanced diet containing all types of food
- Doing tiresome and manual work. Example lifting heavy loads
- Taking any medicine not prescribed by the doctor
- Taking drugs such as alcohol, cigarettes which could be detrimental to the unborn baby
- Tight clothes and high heeled shoes
- Avoid situations leading to chances of contracting venereal diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis and AIDS which might affect the baby
- Avoid stressful situation
- An expectant mother needs to undergo labor under supervision of a trained nurse or trained birth attendant whenever this is possible
- If any complications occur that can not be solved by either a trained nurse or a trained birth attendant arises, an expectant mother should be referred to the health center or hospital for medical assistance
- Most births are perfectly normal but problems can and do occur. When problems arise, modern delivery facilities or techniques such as Caesarean section and vacuum extraction are used. Care should be taken not to damage any organ of the baby or the mother
- In case a newborn baby is pre-mature appropriate services should be given to it so as to help it accomplish a normal pattern of growth and development
- It contains antibodies that are much needed to the child
- In case the mother has no health problems such milk is free from contamination
- Mother’s milk also contains much proteins and vitamins which are very important for the child’s growth
- Breast milk is easily digested than other milk example bottled milk. Therefore children who take milk from their mother rarely suffer from constipation
- Mother’s milk is said to contain some chemicals which help in development of the nervous system of the child
- Regular attendance of post-natal clinic for the child is very important. The child should also get immunized against different infections and diseases such as polio, measles and other diseases
- The mother should follow medical advice on how to handle the child and in case of any problems report it to the personnel concerned
- Female Genital Mutilation (FGM):This is the practice of circumcising women. It is said to have effects during childbirth. It causes women to experience pain, bleeding, and shock and may lead to infection.
- Local Belief:These are certain local beliefs and taboos such as banning women to eat certain types of foods such as protein rich foods, which could help to build their health and that of the child.
- Working especially hard work such as cultivation: Hard work may cause several problems to the pregnant woman such as miscarriage or pain.
- Alcohol Consumption during pregnancy:In most cultural practices taking alcohol is considered as a normal behaviour. But alcohol during pregnancy affects both the health of the mother and that of the child.
- To ensure frequent medical check up for both maternal and child
- To ensure they get well balanced diet
- Avoid sharing sharp objects like razor blades
- Counseling in order to help them deal with their feelings of loss and grief
- To avoid discrimination for people living with HIV/AIDS
- Ensure the use of polite language when providing care to them
- Wearing of gloves when cleaning their bodies and clothes