Significance of scientific procedure
The Concept of Scientific Procedure
Explain the concept of scientific procedure
The scientific method (procedure) is a process that scientists use to ask questions and conduct investigations to find answers to these problems.
It is a logical approach to problem solving by observing and collecting data, formulating hypotheses, testing hypotheses, and formulating theories that are supported by data. The scientific method provides a standardized way for scientists to conduct their work. However, many scientists work according to other methods as well.
The Importance of the Scientific Procedure
Explain the importance of the scientific procedure Includes
- The scientific procedure makes a researcher or an experimenter more
systematic and organized when investigating or solving a problem.
- It gives a means by which one can get a solution to several questions
about natural phenomena, e.g. why does water expand when it freezes?
- It may lead to discoveries and innovations.
- Provides background knowledge upon which future references may be made.
- It makes our sense organs more effective in exploring our natural world. That is, we become more sensitive to environmental changes.
- It makes us use the available resources more sustainably in solving everyday problems.
- Assists us in predicting the future outcome based on the present condition.
- Assists us in testing the validity or the possibility of an event, phenomenon or problem.
scientific procedure is used in many areas and in different fields of
study. It is especially applied by scientists and researchers to find
solutions to various scientific problems. Below are some of the areas
where the scientific procedure is applied:
- In scientific research:
Researchers normally apply the scientific method when conducting
researches on diverse scientific problems or phenomena. A researchable
problem whose solution is sought for without following the correct
sequence of the steps of the scientific method is not likely to get
- In a field study: A field study (or
field work) is often conducted to find answers to problems or test
hypotheses. It involves doing some practical work that applies the
- When conducting experiments:
An experiment is a methodical procedure carried out with the goal of
verifying, falsifying, or establishing the accuracy of a hypothesis.
Experiments vary greatly in their goals and scale, but always rely on
repeatable procedure and logical analysis of the results.
- In project work:
A project is a planned piece of work that involves careful study of a
subject or problem over a period of time, so as to find information on
the subject or problem.
The Scientific Procedure to Carry Out Investigations in Chemistry
Use the Scientific procedure to carry out investigations in chemistry
this chapter, we have used two major examples to explain the concept of
experimental procedure in detail. These are the rate of evaporation of
water and exposure of anhydrous copper (II) sulphate powder to open air.
For easy understanding and quick reference by students, the two
examples are summarized below. Note that the test for the anhydrous
copper (II) sulphate powder was not explained in full. However, the
summary can give you a good picture on how to go about experimenting it.
Aim: To find out if chalk dissolves in water
Beakers, tap water, pieces of chalk, mortar and pestle, sieve,
crucible, stirring rod, source of heat, tripod stand, match box and
Note: Before you start, formulate a hypothesis for the experiment.
- Take four pieces of blackboard chalk and break them into halves.
- Put the broken pieces of chalk in a mortar and pestle.
- Use the pestle to grind the chalk into a fine powder. To obtain the finest powder, sieve the resulting powder with a sieve.
- Put the sieved chalk dust in a beaker.
- Add water to the chalk dust in a beaker until it is half-full.
- Stir the mixture vigorously for about 15 minutes.
- Let the mixture settle overnight. Observe whether any dissolution has occurred.
Questions for discussion
- What hypothesis did you formulate?
- Could you see any particles of chalk after stirring?
- Could you still see any particles after settling?
- Is your hypothesis false or true?
- Draw a conclusion based on your findings.