– By the end of this chapter you should be able to.
- Express your feelings, ideas, opinions, views and emotions comfortably. 2. Defend your position in an argument.
SECTION 1: EXPRESSING ONE’S FEELINGS
People feel differently because of various reasons. For example, if one has lost his/her parent, he will feel very grieved (sad); but if one has won a lottery, he will feel excited and happy.
- When you say: “I feel or I am ……………………………… (Followed by and adjective like: happy, said, embarrassed, overjoyed, etc) you are expressing a feeling.
- If “I feel” is substituted for “I think” then you are expressing a thought
E.g. I think you are right/ wrong (a thought)
SECTION 2: STRUCTURE
If……… and Unless…………
The uses of If………
Listed below are examples, uses and formation about If……… Conditionals.
A Conditional is something that has to be fulfilled first before something else could happen.
If you don’t pay school fees you cannot write English exam (It means you must pay school fees so that you can be allowed to write English exam)
Words used in conditional sentences are
- If: If the rain stops, we will be able to work hard.
- Unless: Unless you work hard, you will not pass your exam (Unless means if not)
- Provided that: You can come to the party provided that you bring with you your own drinks.
- Incase: Incase he comes don’t leave the door open i.e. (If he does not come, you can leave the door open)
TYPES OF CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
Conditional sentences are usually divided into three basic types referred to as:-
TYPE 1 = Likely
TYPE 2 = Unlikely
TYPE 3 = Rejected
TYPE 1: If she finishes work early, she will go home
TYPE 2: If she finished work early, she would go home.
TYPE 3: If she had finished work early, she would have gone home
As it is seen above, the type one use simple present tense in the dependent clause and future simple in the main clause.
The use of type 1 Conditional Sentence implies that these is a BIG CHANCE for conditions to be fulfilled. TYPE1 is also called probable, likely or open.
The Verb in the dependent clause should be in the past tense and the main clause should be in the conditional tense.
TYPE 2 is used where there is unlikelihood of something to happen.
Example: If I had some money I would lend it to you.
We form type 3 conditionals this way: Tense in the dependent clause is normally used with had + verb in past participle and in the independent clause we normally use would have.
OR: If we had left at 8, we would have been there by now.
Type 3 Conditional is purely HYPOTHETICAL. If shows that all things are in the past and nothing can be done at the moment. Hence type 3 is called REJECTED. The possibility here is zero (o) since everything is in the past and already completed.
For example: If I had studied hard, I would have passed the exam.
i.e. I didn’t study hard and therefore I didn’t pass the exam.
Unless is used in negatives, unless means the same as if …….. not. Like if,it is followed by a present tense, a past tense or a past perfect.
– Unless is used in conditional sentences of all types.
– Unless is negative, so do not use another negative word in the sentence.
Examples of the uses of unless.
TYPE 1: (Unless + Present)
- You’ll be sick unless you stop smoking = (You will be sick of you don’t stop smoking)
- Unless you change your mind, I won’t be able to help you.
TYPE 2: (Unless + Past)
- Unless he was very tired, he would be driving
- I wouldn’t wash those clothes, Unless they were very dirty.
TYPE 3: (Unless + Past perfect)
- I wouldn’t have cooked Ugali, Unless you’d suggested it
- They would have killed him, Unless he’d given them the car.
Fill in the spaces provided with either if or unless
- Just let her go ………… you don’t want to be involved in any argument.
- ……………She moves to another country, it will probably be to India.
- Sign the document only …………… You read it carefully
- …………… They do well in the interview; they won’t be accepted in the Bachelor Degree Programme.
- …………..We learn from our mistakes, we may repeat them.
- I’ll go to the beach with you ……… It rains this weekend.
- …………… You buy the tickets in advance; you won’t be able to see that concert.
- ……… You don’t understand the exercise, I’ll try to help you
- You won’t be able to describe the picture ……………you look it carefully
- …………… You change your mind, I won’t be able to help you
I am no longer sure the place you’re getting your info,
but good topic. I needs to spend a while studying much
more or figuring out more. Thank you for great info I was on the lookout for this information for my mission. asmr 0mniartist
I want to to thank you for this great read!! I absolutely
enjoyed every bit of it. I’ve got you book-marked to look at new
things you post… asmr 0mniartist
Incredible points. Great arguments. Keep up the great effort.
Have you ever considered writing an ebook or guest authoring on other websites?
I have a blog based on the same ideas you discuss and would love
to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would value your work.
If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me
an e mail. asmr 0mniartist
It’s hard to find experienced people for this topic, however,
you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks 0mniartist
Hello! I could have sworn I’ve visited this blog before but after looking at many of the posts I realized
it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely happy I stumbled upon it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back often! 0mniartist asmr
I am really loving the theme/design of your web site.
Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems?
A small number of my blog readers have complained about my website not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Chrome.
Do you have any advice to help fix this problem?
Hi there would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re using?
I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different
web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most.
Can you suggest a good internet hosting provider
at a honest price? Cheers, I appreciate it!
Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is fantastic, as well
as the content!
Thanks for finally writing about > TOPIC 1: EXPRESSING ONESELF | ENGLISH FORM 4 – DUKARAHISI < Liked it!
I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your sites really nice, keep it up!
I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back in the future.
All the best
Awesome! Its in fact remarkable post, I have got much clear idea regarding from this paragraph.
Magnificent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your site, how
can i subscribe for a blog site? The account helped me a acceptable deal.
I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea
Wow, that’s what I was looking for, what a stuff! present here
at this website, thanks admin of this web page.
Hi there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to give it a
look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
Outstanding blog and brilliant design.
Excellent site you have got here.. It’s hard to find quality
writing like yours these days. I seriously appreciate people like you!
When someone writes an article he/she retains the idea of a user in his/her mind that how a user
can know it. Therefore that’s why this article is amazing.
Hey there! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds
me of my previous room mate! He always kept
talking about this. I will forward this page to him.
Pretty sure he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!
I am sure this paragraph has touched all the internet people, its really really
fastidious article on building up new blog. scoliosis
I have been browsing on-line greater than 3 hours lately, but I by no means discovered any attention-grabbing article
like yours. It is lovely value sufficient for me.
In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made
good content as you did, the web might be much more useful than ever before.
Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it can survive a twenty five foot drop,
just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad
is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but
I had to share it with someone!
I have read so many articles or reviews regarding the blogger lovers but this paragraph is truly a fastidious piece of writing,
keep it up.
It’s actually very difficult in this full of activity life to
listen news on TV, therefore I just use the web for that purpose, and obtain the latest information.
My programmer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on several websites
for about a year and am concerned about switching to another
platform. I have heard great things about blogengine.net.
Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it?
Any kind of help would be greatly appreciated!
whoah this blog is fantastic i like reading your posts.
Stay up the great work! You recognize, lots of people are hunting
around for this info, you could help them greatly.
Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely well written article.
I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read
more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return.
Heya are using WordPress for your site platform?
I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to
get started and set up my own. Do you require any html coding expertise to make your own blog?
Any help would be greatly appreciated!
Fabulous, what a weblog it is! This webpage gives useful facts to us, keep it up.
Wow, great article.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.