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PLAY :THE BLACK HERMIT FORM THREE

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THE BLACK HERMIT

                 THE BLACK HERMIT

PLAY WRIGHT : NGUGI WA THIONG’O

SETTING : UGANDA, 1968 (POST INDEPENDENCE)

INTRODUCTION OF THE PLAY

“The black Hermit” is an impressive social play just talks

about social realities and his centered in both rural and town life.

The play talks about tribalism as the biggest problem

be setting the new East African countries.

Inheritance of widow (women) just put as something

crucial/centre theme to the play. It is topic that

makes society to disintegrate (separate) and

conflicts.

The characters are Remi, Thon, Nyobi, Jane Omange,

Pastor, leaders and elders, some of them presents as

upholders of African traditional.

They play divided into form of scene.

OVER VIEWS

An author used Remi as main character in this plays,

Remi loved a girl called Thom in his village but he feels

shy to tell her the truth. He tried to conflict his brother

but refuses to do so, finally Remi went to college.

One day when he was at the college; Remi received a

letter from home informing him that Thoni and his

brother were to be married, Remi was hert about that.

Few months after married (hardly six months) his

brother died an accident, Remi’s brother knocked by

car due to that situation his father fell it as a result of

the shock following the death of Remi’s brother.

THE BLACK HERMIT

PLAY WRIGHT : NGUGI WA THIONG’O

SETTING : UGANDA, 1968 (POST INDEPENDENCE)

INTRODUCTION OF THE PLAY

Remi’s father during his illness he called to his bed

and told to marry Thoni, his brother’s widow (Thoni).Father told Remi “you know our custom, you brother’s wife is now your wife” Remi did not believe that Thoni really loved him because she had, already identified her love to his brother, later Remi decided to go the city as HERMIT.

Remi decided to run to town in order to escape tribal pressure that required him, to marry Thoni. After reaching in the city he is employed as a clerk in an oil company, he began receiving the salary but could not send it home, Remi changed in the city, hestarted to share love with girls and engaged in

Luxurious life, when Remi visiting the clubs in the city,he meet with Jane finally they introduced relationship(girl friend), Remi having longtime in the city hismother and wife. (Thoni) became so unhappy hencemother decided to consult the pastor so that so thatcould help them getting Remi back from the city.

The village people were also in need of him back tothe village. Villagers considered him to be their sanior who could save them out of exploitation, land alienation, they sent the elders to go and convince, him to come back, also the pastor went to convince him to return at home.

Remi went back to the village with his friend Omange being in the village blaming the villagers for being tribalists and the pastor for having divided the people with his church Remi urged them to live together and work. Without rising some difference among htem so that they could solve.

THE BLACK HERMIT

PLAY WRIGHT : NGUGI WA THIONG’O

SETTING : UGANDA, 1968 (POST INDEPENDENCE)

INTRODUCTION OF THE PLAY

Their problems and develop, such building of more schools, and to work hard in order to create a new nation. He later blamed his mother so sarcastically sayng that she had made him marry a woman who loved another man.

Remi spoken badly about Thoni that she didn’t even care to listen to what he had to say, Thon feels so bad with harsh words, insults and how Remi undermined infront of people finally, Thoni decided to run away from the meeting and hang up in the forest, Remi causing her death.

CHARACTERS AND CHARACTERIZATION

Characters refer to persons who participate to the work of an art and characterization is the total way in which character use to perform in the work of an art.

Characters in the story are divided into two types like

Main character

Minor character

1. Main character

Just a person almost appears or plays a large part in the story or work of art (eg) Remi.

2. Minor character

Is a person who appears in the story but in some parts not all parts of the story and does not concentrate in main topic/them (eg) Nyobi.

REMI

Is the son of Nyobi and Ngome only one who sent/went to university. He has changing behavior (at beginning was God – fearing child and feels shy with girls). He refused to marry Thoni He gets whit girl friend called Jane in the city. He wanted to back home by his mother and elders. He causes death of Thoni.

THONI

Is a village girl first loved by Remi. She is given to Remi but he runs away in the city

She is committed to Remi and ready to wait for him

She decided to kill herself

NYOBI

Thon’s mother in law

She is widow, her husband died after shock

She takes care of Thoni, advice and love her

She had written many letters to Remi but no relpy

She gets frustrated following Thoni’s death

JANE

Remi’s whit girl friend in the city

She loved Remi but not aware ready having a wife

back in the village

She is already live with Remi despite their race

PASTOR

Is a strong Christian

He influenced Remi to be a God fearing child

He is strong against traditional beliefs

OMANGE

He is a Remi’s friend in the city

He is from another to go back in the village

He takes Remi to be a true nationalist

LEADERS AND ELDERS

They want Remi back in the village

The decide to follow him since they considered him

to be their savior

They are traditionalist and believe in magic powers

They go to Remi with Marua medicine to convince

him to come back.

THE BLACK HERMIT

PLAY WRIGHT : NGUGI WA THIONG’O

SETTING : UGANDA, 1968 (POST INDEPENDENCE)

INTRODUCTION OF THE PLAY

THEMES

Theme, refers to a central main idea in the story. In this

book of “THE BLACK HERMIT” contains a variety of

themes, the following are discussed themes;-

CONFLICTS (CONTRADITIONS)

There are several conflicts, which can be analyzed as

follows.

Conflicts can be defined as the situation of engaged in

misunderstanding among the group of people.

The playwright categorized conflicts in various ways

1. Christians (pastor) vs traditionalist (elders)

The conflict between two sides occurs because all they

wanted Remi for their interests example pastor wants

Remi to be the future leader of the church.

1. Remi vs his mother

Remi and his mother are in conflict since Nyobi (Remi’s

mother) support the idea of marrying THoni, a wife of

Remi’s brother.

1. Remi vs Jane

Also Remi and Jane engaged in conflict after Jane

discovered that Remi lying her that they could marry

while he left a wife at the village Thoni.

1. Remi vs Omange

Remi was in conflice with Omange because of how the

new government system should and be, Remi wants new

government to be strict (eg) people should not have the

rights to strike while Omange is suppose the ideas of

Remi.

1. Remi vs tribal members

Remi is in conflict tribe members because he talked to

them in a bad way, not politely.

INTERPERSONAL CONFLICT

Nyobi is/not happy with the death of her husband

Disappearance of Remi

She writes many letters but there is no reply

TRADITION (AFRICAN TRADITION)

SUPERSTITION

We see the elders believing in Marua medicine that

can change Remi’s mind

We see also when elders go to Remi one of them

carries a bundle of medicine in banana leaf.

The elders also believe that the neighbouring village

has been witched them because of jerous.

In this book an Author shows us according to Marua

tribe one can inherit a wife of his brother example is

Remi.

RELIGION

In this book we have seen some people are

traditionalists like the elders and leaders others are

Christians who believe in Jesus Christina like the family

of Remi and Pastor.

PROTEST

This means to go against something or someone

People protest against unfair government

Remi is protesting against tribalism

Remi is still protest against exploitation land alienation

and oppression done by the government.

BUILDING THE FUTURE (CHANGES)

Buildings the future is the situation of someone struggle

to bring new appearance (changes) in the society. Remi

struggle to bring changes in the village, wants to be free

to find own development. But elders are not ready to

change because of primitive.

LACK OF DISUNITY

Is the situation of lacking unity.

In the book disunity is the problem caused by tribalism

and religious factions.

IRRESPONSIBILITY

Remi is irresponsible person when the problem occurred

in his society, he does not want to run away from

because to run away from the problem or responsibility

can create even bigger problem.

AWARENESS

Is the situation of being conscious in the society

Remi is aware in the village just like God – fearing child,

respects his parents, pastor and the elders of the village.

Remi is always willing to do the right things.

ROLE OF WOMEN (POSITION OF WOMEN)

The role of women means how the women play parts in

the society, like responsibility, duties, respects and

decision making.

THE BLACK HERMIT

PLAY WRIGHT : NGUGI WA THIONG’O

SETTING : UGANDA, 1968 (POST INDEPENDENCE)

INTRODUCTION OF THE PLAY

Women are seen to be inferior because they are used as

instruments for leisure (luxury) in the society.

MESSAGE OF THE PLAY

This means the lessons that someone can get from the

work of an art (eg) books, films, pictures, Ngugi wa

Thiong’o is among the great playwritters who teach us,

so that we can get the message and to make the society

change when we tell that:-

(i) Brings changes in the society is not overnight

process, so that it’s the struggle that need the time or

responsibility.

(ii) To run away from the problems is not a way of

solve it, since she/he can cause problems.

(iii) People are supposed to united, courageous,

committed when they want to solve their problems.

(iv) When one want to organize for changes, should be

careful in mobilizing people, since she/he can use

confusion if not well organized.

(v) Lack of proper stand and how understanding can

make fail to solve problems

THE BLACK HERMIT

PLAY WRIGHT : NGUGI WA THIONG’O

SETTING : UGANDA, 1968 (POST INDEPENDENCE)

INTRODUCTION OF THE PLAY

TRADITION (AFRICAN TRADITION)

SUPERSTITION

We see the elders believing in Marua medicine that

can change Remi’s mind

We see also when elders go to Remi one of them

carries a bundle of medicine in banana leaf.

The elders also believe that the neighbouring village

has been witched them because of jerous.

In this book an Author shows us according to Marua

tribe one can inherit a wife of his brother example is

Remi.

RELIGION

In this book we have seen some people are

traditionalists like the elders and leaders others are

Christians who believe in Jesus Christina like the family

of Remi and Pastor.

PROTEST

This means to go against something or someone

People protest against unfair government

Remi is protesting against tribalism

Remi is still protest against exploitation land alienation

and oppression done by the government.

BUILDING THE FUTURE (CHANGES)

Buildings the future is the situation of someone struggle

to bring new appearance (changes) in the society. Remi

struggle to bring changes in the village, wants to be free

to find own development. But elders are not ready to

change because of primitive.

LACK OF DISUNITY

Is the situation of lacking unity.

In the book disunity is the problem caused by tribalism

and religious factions.

IRRESPONSIBILITY

Remi is irresponsible person when the problem occurred

in his society, he does not want to run away from

because to run away from the problem or responsibility

can create even bigger problem.

AWARENESS

Is the situation of being conscious in the society

Remi is aware in the village just like God – fearing child,

respects his parents, pastor and the elders of the village.

Remi is always willing to do the right things.

ROLE OF WOMEN (POSITION OF WOMEN)

The role of women means how the women play parts in

the society, like responsibility, duties, respects and

decision making.

Women are seen to be inferior because they are used as

instruments for leisure (luxury) in the society.

MESSAGE OF THE PLAY

This means the lessons that someone can get from the

work of an art (eg) books, films, pictures, Ngugi wa

Thiong’o is among the great playwritters who teach us,

so that we can get the message and to make the society

change when we tell that:-

(i) Brings changes in the society is not overnight

process, so that it’s the struggle that need the time or

responsibility.

(ii) To run away from the problems is not a way of

solve it, since she/he can cause problems.

(iii) People are supposed to united, courageous,

committed when they want to solve their problems.

(iv) When one want to organize for changes, should be

careful in mobilizing people, since she/he can use

confusion if not well organized.

(v) Lack of proper stand and how understanding can

make fail to solve problems.

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